髌骨脱位是一种常见的青少年关节疾病。在我国基层医院往往存在患者就诊意识不强、治疗方法选择不当、延误治疗时机、甚至漏诊、误诊等问题。为解决相关短板，并提升该疾病的分级诊疗能力，由甘肃省骨科质量控制中心牵头， 甘肃省医学会骨科分会、甘肃省医学会运动医疗分会、甘肃省医师协会骨科分会、甘肃省骨科临床医学研究中心、甘肃省骨科3D打印工程研究中心、甘肃省智能骨科行业技术中心、 甘肃省骨关节疾病研究重点实验室和国家骨科与运动康复临床医学研究中心甘肃分中心共同协助，遴选甘肃省专家进行详细论证、并经国内骨科及运动医学专家审查完善，制定了甘肃省髌骨脱位诊疗专家共识。该共识力求简易、合理、实用、易于被基层医师接受和应用，以便髌骨脱位患者得到及时、准确、规范诊疗并从中受益。
Patellar dislocation is a common joint disease among adolescents. The situation of the diagnosis and treatment of patellar dislocation in primary hospitals is still grave, and there are many problems that need to be addressed, such as poor visit adherence, delay in treatment, missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis, or inappropriate treatment. To resolve this dilemma and improve the graded diagnosis and treatment system, the Gansu expert consensus of the diagnosis and treatment for patellar dislocation, which was led by the Quality Control Center of Orthopedics of Gansu Province, assisted by the Gansu Orthopaedic Association Attached to Chinese Medical Association, Gansu Sports Medicine Association Attached to Chinese Medical Association, Gansu Orthopaedic Association Attached to Chinese Medical Doctor Association, Orthopaedic Clinical Research Center of Gansu Province, Orthopaedics 3D-Print Engineering Research Center of Gansu Province, Intelligent Orthopaedics Specialty Technical Center of Gansu Province, Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Bone and Joint Diseases, and Gansu Orthopaedics and Sports Rehabilitation Association Attached to Chinese National Clinical Medical Research Center, argued carefully by the expert group of Gansu Province, reviewed and refined by the domestic experts in the field of orthopaedics and sports medicine, is developed. This article aims to provide a simple, reasonable, practical, acceptable, and applicable expert consensus for primary care physicians, promote the diagnosis and treatment of patellar dislocation in primary hospitals to be timely, accurate, and standardized, andbenefit the patients with patellar dislocation.