雄激素性秃发 (Androgenetic Alopecia，AGA) 是一种十分常见的毛发疾病，在男性和女性中均可发生。AGA 的主要临床表现为毛发微型化、稀疏、发际线上移，但在男女性中症状有所不同。AGA对个人形象的影响及其治疗效果欠佳的现状，导致患者的日常生活及心理状态都会受到消极影响。本文主要从AGA的发病机制、诊断、治疗、目前面临的挑战及展望等方面对该病进行简述，为探索其诊疗方法提供思路。
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a very common hair disease, which occurs in both males and females. The clinical manifestations of AGA mainly include miniaturization of hair, thinning of hair and upward movement of hairline, with different symptoms in males and females. The effect of AGA on personal image and its unsatisfactory therapeutic effect lead to negative influence on patients' daily life and psychological state. In this paper, the pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, current challenges and the prospects of this disease are briefly described, so as to provide ideas for the exploration of its diagnosis and treatment.